Granite is a popular choice for many industrial uses. Because of its crystalline chemical structure, it is a durable and attractive choice for many different purposes, and has been used throughout human history for things ranging from recreation to décor.
Granite is a type of crystalline rock found in the earth’s crust. The word comes from the Latin word “granum” meaning grain. It is a hard, tough stone often used in construction that varies in color from pink to grey. A type of igneous rock only found on Earth, it forms a large part of the continental crust. Most granite comes from the Precambrian era, and is formed from volcanic magma.
Granite has a history dating back to Ancient Egypt where it was used for constructing pyramids and sarcophagi, along with columns, walls, and floors. Many Hindu temples in Southern India also used this stone. The king Rajaraja Chola 1 used granite in his temple. America’s first railway is called the “Granite Railway” and hauled the stone from Massachusetts to the Neponset River in the 1820’s. Because granite is more durable, it has become popular for kitchen countertops. The most unusual use of granite was in the rails of a train in England.
Granite’s use in kitchen countertops has increase in the past decades due to its durable surface and aesthetically pleasing texture. Its abundance makes it an attractive, affordable alternative to more expensive materials like marble. Granite tiles are also available for use as flooring.
Granite is also a popular choice for gravestones and memorials. It has to be skillfully carved by hand. Technology has afforded methods by which computers can be used instead of hand carving this hard stone. Any kind of art work or epitaph can be blasted into granite. It is a durable choice for memorial stones, while being more cost effective than marble.
Granite is a popular stone for rock-climbing. Granite rocks are steep, sound, and have cracks. They also offer friction which helps a climber to gain traction. Because these stones are found all over the world, climbers worldwide take advantage of the recreational opportunities it offers. Many artificial climbing walls are made of artificial rocks that look and feel like granite.
There have been some concerns about the use of granite in structures that people live and work in. Because granite produces radon, which is the second leading cause of lung cancer, some research indicates that it should be avoided in home use. Further studies have shown it produces low levels of radon that fall within guidelines for safe usage, and so it is still commonly used for flooring and kitchen countertops.
Granite is found all over the world and is used for many diverse purposes, ranging from recreational rock climbing to making beautiful kitchen counters. There are many retailers that offer granite for these purposes. Despite the reports of potential risks, it has been determined that it falls within guidelines to be used commercially, and is widely available on the retail market.